Most Ukrainians Want Democracy, But Not All
Gallup, a research and analytics group, conducted a survey of 1,000 adults in Ukraine — meaning 15 years and older — between the months of June and July of 2013. The survey examined the governmental preferences of different regions of Ukraine, West, East, and Central, and found that “Western-style democracy,” while popular among a significant percentage, wasn’t unanimously being called for by Ukrainians, at least in the time before the Maidan protests took place. Even so, it did find that Democracy, in various different forms and degrees, was generally “important to most Ukrainians.”
Ukraine as a whole showed 19 percent want the former Soviet system in place for Ukraine’s political structure. A mere 2 percent wanted a monarchy or autocracy, 8 percent were for a “strong authoritarian system that places order above freedom.” The highest two percentages were scene for either a western-style democratic republic at 28 percent or a Soviet-like system that would be market-based and have more democratic aspects at 29 percent.
Western Ukrainians, closer both geographically and politically to European neighbors, tended to prefer Western-style democracy by a large percentage — 57 percent — while Central Ukraine, including the capitol of Kiev, showed only 30 percent in agreement. Finally, Eastern Ukraine — including Crimea, which is closer to Russia regionally and politically — had the least interest in a democracy modeled after Western nations, with 15 percent. Thirty-four percent in the East preferred a market-based Soviet system with certain democratic additions, while 23 percent — the greatest number in all three areas — were in favor of a former Soviet system.